If you’re planning to go camping for at least a week or longer, it would be troublesome to take with you a week’s supply of drinking water. For a more practical, not to mention convenient, way of ensuring you have potable water while camping, why not consider water purification systems instead?
What is a Water Purification System?
Water purification systems may be made of one or more components designed to treat or purify water and make it safe for drinking. When designed for camping and travelling, water purification systems are designed to be portable and easy to use.
They come in self-contained units of varying shapes, sizes, and designs. Their method for purifying water also varies.
Types of Water Purification Methods
Boiling – The easiest, simplest, and cheapest way to make water safe for drinking is to boil it. You’ll need just a kettle for this, put it over a source of heat, and you’ll have drinking water in no time. Boiling temperatures can kill bacteria and disease-carrying microorganisms such as Cryptosporidium parvum. Just remember, however, that the higher you are or the colder the climate is, the more time you need to wait for water to boil.
Filtering – Portable water filters can filter anywhere from 5,000 – 50,000 L of water per container. They are usually made of ceramic or polymer. Its effectiveness in filtering will depend on pore-size efficiency. Those that are small enough to go through the physical barriers are sometimes eliminated with the additional use of chemical treatments.
Chemical Disinfection – Another way to purify water is by directly adding a chemical substance, which would kill the bacteria and other microorganisms contaminating the water.
Some kits contain iodine and Vitamin C pills. Iodine is added to purify the water, but be aware that it’s unable to kill all possible bacteria and microorganisms found in freshwater sources. Vitamin C pills, on the other hand, are added to eliminate the undesirable taste of iodine.
Other ways to treat water include activated charcoal adsorption, use of iodine crystals or chlorine-based halazone tablets, and UV purification.